Natural Heritage › Ilidza
Ilidza was the first settlement in Sarajevo back in the Neolithic period.The name was derived from the term iladz – the one who heals, as Ilidza was known to Romans (Roman settlement Aquae S…) and their ancestors as the thermal,
Location: Ilidza & Airport Area and healing centre of Sarajevo. Ottomans recognized the same values and continued to inhabit Ilidza and built numerous spas. This is one of the most significant thermal spring sites in Europe, thus the Austro-Hungarian built an entire spa and rehabilitation complex with Austria, Bosna, Hungaria and Hercegovina Hotels. During the Austro-Hungarian period, Ilidza was a trendy place for the Austro-Hungarian aristocracy such as the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie...

A three-kilometre long plane-tree and chestnut tree alley which runs from Ilidza will take you to a beautiful natural monument - Vrelo Bosne. The alley has 726 trees planted in 1894 and it is ideal for a family day out, long walks, bicycle and roller skate rides, jogging… The spring (Vrelo Bosne) rises at the foot of Mt. Igman and has over 60 karst springs. It is a morphological, hydrological, botanical and horticultural monument, and one of the favorite outdoor spots for locals.

Bacevo, the main spring of drinkable water in Sarajevo, is located at Vrelo Bosne. It covers the area of 603ha and it is a home to 26 plant species and more than 20 animal species, including some endemic species. One such, the brook trout can be found in Mala Bosna; six springs from the site of Vrelo Bosne pour into this stream.

The tree alley is also connected with Stojcevac, another outdoor spot with parks, forests, wild rose, raspberry and blackberry bushes. In a few-minute walk you can visit the archaeological site of the Church of St. Stephen the Protomartyr from the 10th century (Crkva sv. Stjepana Prvomucenika), as well as the Roman Bridge (Bridge at Plandiste) built in the Ottoman period.

Carriage-ride is a symbol of Vrelo Bosne. The traditional horse-driven carriage has run along the tree alley for over a century. To this day, lives the memory of the first carriage ride which took Archduke Franz Ferdinand along the alley in 1895.
Other related objects